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Monday, October 22, 2012

Latin America & Pacific Territories: Cartoons Magazine Centennial 1912

WARNING: The below posting includes racially offensive cartoons.

Tonight’s Presidential Debate being on Foreign Policy, and, today being the 50th anniversary of the Cuban Missile Crisis, together make this a good day to look back at U.S. foreign policy, in 1912, via that year’s Cartoons Magazine. Decisions made today, can have lasting impact far into the future.

Above, from the November 1912 issue, Peace on the Pacific via gunpoint, by A.C. Fera. Depicting a few of the territories taken by the U.S. during the 1898 Spanish-American War — San Pedro, Cuba (back when Cuba must have been like the island from “Lost”, in that it could apparently move around and change which ocean it was in…), the Philippines, and Hawaii. The latter, of course, being the future birth place of the current President, Barack Obama.

Click on the above & below pictures, to view the cartoons in detail, and read their captions.

Below, much of U.S. policy in 1912, was directed towards Latin America, where the U.S. was having difficulty with certain of those acquired territories. Plus, experiencing general unruliness from several Latin American nations, which just didn’t grasp that the Monroe Doctrine doctrine protected their independence, if only they would do what we told them to do… The cartoon below, titled Airlines, is by Fred Ellis, originally published in the January 25th, 1928 Daily Worker, and found here via Red Cartoons 1928.

One last warning: The below posting contains racist cartoons.

So okay, now you see why I posted those warnings. This represents the general attitude of Americans in 1912, towards their non-white neighboring countries — the titles and pictures tell the story, and it’s important to present those prejudices which influenced national policy, rather than pretend this didn’t occur, and so keep it hidden.

“With Samuel’s Naughty Little Ones”, is the overall theme added by Cartoons Magazine to the page of cartoons above. Pictured as children, inferior and subject to the authority of Uncle Sam, are the Dominican Republic (“San Domingo”), Haiti, Nicaragua, Mexico, and Cuba — all nations which the U.S. militarily invaded multiple times in the 19th and/or 20th centuries.

From above: Trouble in the Back Yard, by Guy Spencer; Anyone Else Need a Spanking?, by George Hager; Watermelon Time, showing Uncle Sam guarding his watermelon patch, against those dark-skinned Latin Americans, Ben Franklin Hammond; and a rather evil-looking depiction, drawn by Charles “Doc” Winner.

Below, more racist cartoons, concerning Cuba. Art by Herbert H. Perry, James North, and Ernest E. Burtt.

Above (from September 1912) & below (October 1912), cartoons involving the then ongoing Mexican Revolution. A Revolution without which we would not have current Presidential candidate, Mitt Romney. Mitt Romney’s great-grandfather, fled the United States with his family and other Mormon fundamentalists, settling in Mexico, to escape anti-polygamy laws. Later, Mitt Romney’s grand-father & father (the latter then a child), fled back into the United States, driven out by Mexican Revolutionaries (as per pictured happening above).

Art in the above page, by W.A. Ireland, Herbert H. Perry, and Arthur V. Buel.

Artists in the below two pages, are Charles Henry Sykes, Harry K. Godwin, Herbert Johnson, Elmer Donnell, Gaar Williams, James H. Donahey, and Ernest E. Burtt.

Above & below, another hotspot for U.S. military intervention — Nicaragua. The most recent of which was when U.S. President Ronald Reagan funneled cash and weapons through the Iranian Revolutionary Government (i.e., the current one, with different players), to rebels in Nicaragua, to overthrow their Marxist government.

Above, from the October 1912 issue of Cartoons Magazine, we have art by Matthew Caine, Cy Hungerford, Winner, and Bronstrup.

Below, Fred Ellis again, from Red Cartoons 1928.

Finally, below, cartoons involving the soon-to-be-completed Panama Canal. Panama was, as we know, “liberated” from Venezuela and declared an independent nation, by the United States, which didn’t like the terms it was getting from the Venezuelan government. And so the U.S. created a revolt, then “supported” it, propping up the new Panamanian government, which it could then control and dictate terms concerning the projected Canal. Our last military intervention there was under the orders of George Bush I. Plus, it is the birthplace of 2008 G.O.P. Presidential nominee, John McCain (within the U.S.-controlled Canal Zone, which was then U.S. territory.) The “trouble” being referred to below, was that European powers didn’t like that they were going to be charged fees for sending ships through the Canal, while U.S. ships would be allowed to go through “free”.

Art below, by Charles Lewis Bartholomew (“Bart”), Milton R. Halladay, Sykes, and North.

Doug Wheeler

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